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Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Tense yapısında cümleler kurmak için formül şu şekildedir.

subject + had + verb3

Subject verb rest of sentence
I / You / We / They had moved to a new house.
He / She / It had moved to a new house.

Past Perfect Tense Positive
PAst Perfect Tense'in kullanım alanları şu şekildedir.

Geçmişte olan başka bir durumdan önce olmuş bir durumdan bahsederken:

Marina had been my friend before she moved to New York.

Bu cümlede iki tane geçmişte olmuş bitmiş bir durum vardır.
1) Marina was my friend (Marina benim arkadaşımdı)
2) She moved to New York. (New York'a taşındı.)

Konuşulan anda her iki durumda geçmişte olmasından dolayı cümle şu şekilde tercüme edilebilir:
New York'a taşınmadan önce Marina benim arkadaşım olmuştu.

Başka bir örnek cümle:

Liza had lived in a village before she decided to move city.

Bu örnekte de 2 tane geçmişte olmuş hadise vardır.
1) Liza lived in a village.
2) She decided to move city.

Başka bir örnek cümle:

By the time her mother arrived home he had already finished homework.

Bir örnek daha:

They had had a baby before she entered college.

1) They had a baby.
2) She entered college.

Past Perfect Tense Negative
Olumsuz cümle yapısı kullanılırken have not ve has not kullanılır.

subject + had not + verb3

Subject auxillery verb verb rest of sentence
I / You / We / They had not moved to a new house.
He / She / It had not moved to a new house.

Marina had been my friend before she moved to New York.
Marina hadn't been my friend before she moved to New York.

Liza had lived in a village before she decided to move city.
Liza hadn't lived in a village before she decided to move city.

Past Perfect Tense Question
Question cümle yapısında had başa gelir verb3 aynen kullanılır.

Had + subject + verb3

Auxillery verb subject verb rest of sentence
had I / you / we / they moved to a new house?
Had he / she / it moved to a new house?

Marina had been my friend before she moved to New York.
Had Marina been my friend before she moved to New York?

Liza had lived in a village before she decided to move city.
Had Liza lived in a village before she decided to move city

Örnek cümleler:

Messi played soccer. ............ He became famous.

Messi had played soccer before he became famous.
Messi hadn't played soccer before he became famous.
Had Messi played soccer before he became famous?

The boss was angry. ............ The customer broke the vase.

The boss had been angry before the customer broke the vase.
The boss hadn't been angry before the customer broke the vase.
Had the boss been angry before the customer broke the vase.

The game was already finished ............ by the time we arrived.

The game had been finished by the time we arrived.
The game hadn't been finished by the time we arrived.
Had the game been finished by the time we arrived?

My grandfather was gone ............ I was born.

My grandfather had been gone before I was born.
My grandfather hadn't been gone before I was born.
Had my grandfather been gone before I was born?
Simple Present Tense
Test 01 Test 02 Test 03 Test 04 Test 05
Test 06 Test 07 Test 08 Test 09 Test 10
Simple Past Tense
Test 01 Test 02 Test 03 Test 04 Test 05
Test 06 Test 07 Test 08 Test 06 Test 06
Simple Future Tense
Test 01 Test 02 Test 03 Test 04 Test 05
Present Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Tense
Present Continuous Tense
Past Continuous Tense
Future Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Future Perfect Continuous Tense



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